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AREC Updates

Small Grain State Variety Trial Data Now Available

The following tables present results from barley and wheat varietal tests conducted in Virginia in 2018-2020. Small grain cultivar performance tests are conducted each year in Virginia by the Virginia Tech School of Plant and Environmental Sciences and the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station at the following locations: Warsaw, Painter, Blackstone, Orange, Blacksburg, Suffolk, and Shenandoah County. The tests provide information to assist Virginia Cooperative Extension Service agents in formulating cultivar recommendations for small grain producers and to companies developing cultivars and/or marketing seed within the state.

Yield data are given for individual locations and across locations and years; yield and other performance characteristics are averaged over the number of locations indicated in parenthesis near the column heading. Performance of a given variety often varies widely over locations and years which makes multiple location-year averages a more reliable indication of expected performance than data from a single year or location. Details about management practices for barley and wheat are listed for each experimental location.

The publication is available in PDF file format here:

Using UAVs to Determine Wheat Tiller Density and Nitrogen Timing

Check out an update to our project using UAV aerial indices to determine tiller density and nitrogen timing. Nitrogen was applied based on indices produced from a multi-spectral sensor on a UAV. Click below to see a YouTube video of our results from 2020.

May 21, 2020

The presentations from the 2020 Virginia Small Grains Virtual Field Day are now available on YouTube. 

YouTube Link:

Virginia Small Grains Virtual Field Day - May 21, 2020 


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Virginia Small Grains Field Day will take place virtually this year. The presentations will be pre-recorded over the next few weeks and will be broadcast on Zoom and Facebook Live on May 21 at 9:00a.m. Eastern Time with a Q&A with the speakers after the video. The presentations will be archived on YouTube afterward so they can be viewed on-demand. 

This will be a celebratory event for Dr. Carl Griffey, VT small grain breeder, as we will highlight all wheat and varieties released by VT from 1989-2020. 

Further updates will be posted here leading up to the event. 

2020 Virginia Virtual Small Grain Field Day Agenda


Wheat and Barley Varieties Released from VT: 1989-2020
Dr. Carl Griffey: W.G. Wysor Professor, Small Grain Breeder
VT School of Plant & Environmental Sciences
Current, New, and Upcoming Soft Red Wheat Varieties
Dr. Wade Thomason: Professor, Grain Crops Extension Specialist
VT School of Plant & Environmental Sciences


Proximal Sensing to Determine Tiller density and Nitrogen Timing
Dr. Joseph Oakes: Superintendent, Eastern VA AREC
VT Eastern Virginia Agriculture Research & Extension Center


FHB Research and Breeding
Dr. Josh Fitzgerald: Small Grains Research Associate
VT School of Plant & Environmental Sciences


Current, New, and Upcoming Barley Varieties
Mr. Wynse Brooks: Senior Research Associate, Barley Breeder
VT School of Plant & Environmental Sciences


Current, New, and Upcoming Hard Red Wheat Varieties
Dr. Limei Liu: Research Associate, Hard Red and Bread Wheat Breeder
VT School of Plant & Environmental Sciences


Introduction to Hybrid Rye
Mr. Claus Nymard: Product Manager, Hybrid Rye
KWS Cereals USA

Parts of Virginia Under Increased Risk for Fusarium Head Blight

April 13, 2020

Most of our wheat in Virginia has just begun to head; early lines planted at the Eastern VA AREC in Warsaw started heading around April 9-10. According to the National FHB Risk Assessment Tool, FHB risk for wheat flowering April 9-13 is medium to high for parts of Eastern Virginia, including the Northern Neck, middle peninsula, and Tidewater. 

This figure shows the FHB risk for susceptible varieties wheat flowering on April 13.

The in-season risk map allows the user to go to their area and determine the risk (low, medium, high) of FHB in their area based on whether they have a susceptible, moderately susceptible, or moderately resistant variety. The estimated FHB risk is based on the probability of an FHB epidemic with greater than 10% field severity using relative humidity data 15 days prior to flowering. The above figure shows a medium to high risk for susceptible varieties flowering on April 13. However, if moderately resistant varieties are planted, the FHB risk is low. 

This figure shows a low FHB for moderately resistant varieties flowering on April 13.

FHB index for varieties in the Virginia Tech State Wheat Tests can be found here.

For more information, visit the National Fusarium Risk Tool (            

Joseph Oakes, Ph.D.
Eastern VA AREC
2229 Menokin Road
Warsaw, VA 22572
Josh Fitzgerald, Ph.D.
Small Grains Research Associate 
Eastern VA AREC 
2229 Menokin Road 
Warsaw, VA 22572