Michael Hans Schwarz

Ph.D., Career and Technical Education, 2005, Virginia Tech

M.S., Aquaculture Option, 1991, Texas A&M University

B.S., Fisheries and Wildlife, 1989, Texas A&M University

A.A., General, 1985, Brevard Community College

  • Land-based and offshore aquaculture production system design and optimization, with an emphasis on Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS)
  • Intensive Marine finfish hatchery and larviculture optimization
  • Live feeds production and optimization
  • Environmental optimization and identification of environmental production limits for aquaculture species
  • Aquafeeds and nutrition with an emphasis upon reduction of fishmeal and fish oil inclusion rates
  • Development of production protocols for new and emerging species
  • Enhancement of sustainability in all aspects of aquaculture production
  • Final product quality and safety
  • Integration of aquaculture extension and outreach programming between Virginia Tech, Virginia State University, and Virginia Cooperative Extension
  • Virginia Sea Grant Marine Advisory Programming
  • Curriculum development and training in Good Aquaculture Practices (GaqPs)
  • Development of integrated aquaculture producer workshops to enhance product quantity, quality, and overall sustainability
  • Public education in aquaculture, ecosystem, and marine science
  • Student education and training
  • Program development in national and international aquaculture research, extension, and education with an emphasis upon sustainability
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  1. Redd, L., M.H. Schwarz, R.B. Johnson, S. Urick, D. Gibson, M. Breland, and A.Z. Horodysky.2016.  Effects of Temperature and Feed Type on the Gastric Evacuation of Florida Pompano. North American Journal of Aquaculture. UNAJ-2016-0051. In review.
  2. Schwarz, M.H., D. Kuhn, D. Crosby, C. Mullins, B. Nerrie, and K. Semmens. 2016. Good Aquaculture Practices. SRAC. In Press.
  3. Rombenso, A.N., J.T. Trushenski, and M.H. Schwarz. 2016. Fish Oil Replacement in Feeds for Juvenile Florida Pompano:  Composition of Alternative Lipid Influences Degree of Tissue Fatty Acid Profile Distortion. Aquaculture. 458: 177-186.
  4.  
  5. Rombenso, A.N., J.T. Trushenski, and M.H. Schwarz. 2016. Beef tallow is suitable as a primary lipid source in Florida Pompano feeds. Aquaculture Nutrition. In Press. ANU-16-156.
  6. Villalba, A., M.L. Jahncke, M.H. Schwarz, D. Kuhn, and A. Farris. 2016. Safe and nutritious seafood in Virginia. Virginia Cooperative Extension. Published. Virginia Cooperative Extension: AREC-156P.
  7. Schwarz, M.H., and S. Urick. Conservation Aquaculture Program Expansion. 2016. Hatchery International. January/February, 2016.
  8. Jensen, G., M.H. Schwarz, S. Shumway, J. Trushenski, L.C. Woods III, T.Broyles, and M. Mayeaux. 2016. National Assessment Sheds Light on Educational Needs for Aquaculture in the United States. Fisheries, 41:8, 467-469.
  9. Schwarz, M.H. 2015. Aquaculture Education, Training, and Aquaculture Expansion. World Aquaculture Magazine. Pg 11. Vol. 46 (3).
  10. Jensen, G., M.H. Schwarz, S. Shumway, J. Trushenski, L.C. Woods III, T. Broyles, and M. Mayeaux. 2015. National Assessment of Aquaculture Education and Postsecondary Institutions in the United States. World Aquaculture Magazine. Pg 12 - 17. 46 (3)
  11. Garrido-Pereira, M.A., M. Schwarz, B. Delbos, R. Rodrigues, L. Romano, and L. Sampaio. 2015. Probiotic effects on cobia Rachycentron canadum larvae reared in a recirculating aquaculture system. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research. 42(5), 1169-1174.
  12. Schwarz, M.H. 2014. World Aquaculture Society President’s column. World Aquaculture Magazine. Pg 2. June Issue.
  13. Woitel, F.R., J.T. Trushenski, M.H. Schwarz, and M.L. Jahncke.  (2014). More Judicious Use of Fish Oil in Cobia Feeds: I. Assessing the Relative Merits of Alternative Lipids. North American Journal of Aquaculture. 76:222–231, 2014.
  14. Schwarz, M.H. 2014. World Aquaculture Society President’s column. World Aquaculture Magazine. Pg 2. March Issue.
  15. Schwarz, M.H. 2013. World Aquaculture Society President’s column. World Aquaculture Magazine. Pg 2. December Issue.
  16. Schwarz, M.H. 2013. World Aquaculture Society President’s column. World Aquaculture Magazine. Pg 2,12. September issue.
  17. Schwarz, M.H. 2013. World Aquaculture Society President’s column. World Aquaculture Magazine. Pg 2,9. June Issue.
  18. Woitel, F., F. Yamamoto, J. Trushenski, and M.H. Schwarz. 2013. Saturated Fatty Acids Limit Effects of Fish Oil Replacement in Cobia Diets. Global Aquaculture Advocate. 44-47. November/December.
  19. Trushenski, J.T., M. Schwarz, F. Woitel, and F. Yamamoto. (2013). Saturated fatty acids limit the effects of replacing fish oil with soybean oil with or without phospholipid supplementation in feeds for juvenile cobia
  20.  
  21. North American Journal of Aquaculture. 75:2. 316 – 328.      
  22. Rodrigues, R.V., , L.A. Romano, M.H. Schwarz, B.C. Delbos, and L.A. Sampaio. (2012). Acute Tolerance and Histopathological Effects of Ammonia on Juvenile Maroon Clownfish Premnas biaculeatus. Aquaculture Research. Aquaculture Research. doi: 10.1111/are.12054.
  23. Trushenski, J., L. Juarez, G. Jensen, M. Freeze, M. Schwarz, J. Silverstein, J. Bader, and M. Rubino. (2012). AFS and Aquaculture – Addressing the High Stakes of a Sustainable Seafood Supply. Fisheries: Journal of the American Fisheries Society. Fisheries 37:390-396
  24. Trushenski, J., M. Schwarz, W. Vila Nova Pessoa, B. Mulligan, C. Crouse, B. Gause, F. Yamamoto, and B. Delbos. (2012)  Amending reduced fish meal feeds with marine lecithin, but not soy lecithin, improves growth of juvenile cobia and may attenuate heightened responses to stress challenge.  Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition. 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2011.01255.x.
  25. Trushenski, J.T., J.C. Bowzer, J.D. Bowker, and M.H. Schwarz. 2012. Chemical and Electrical Approaches to Sedation of Cobia:  Induction, Recovery, and Physiological Responses to Sedation. Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science. 4:1, 639-650.
  26. Trushenski, J., M.H. Schwarz, J.C. Bowzer, B.R. Gause, T. Fenn, and B.C. Delbos. (2012). Water temperature affects growth and tissue fatty acid composition of juvenile Atlantic spadefish chaetodipterus faber. North American Journal of Aquaculture. 74:3, 338-346.
  27. Trushenski, J., M. Schwarz, A. Bergman, A. Rombenso, and B. Delbos.  2012.  Soybean oil supplemented with DHA is an effective alternative to fish oil in juvenile cobia diets. Aquafeed – Advances in Processing and Formulation. Autumn: 13-17.
  28. Schwarz, M.H., J. Cooksey, and M. Stael. 2012. Aquaculture America 2012. Panorama acuicola – The Future of Aquafeeds. May – June, Vol. 17, No.4: 22-30.
  29. Schwarz, M.H., S. Craig, B. Delbos, and E. McLean. 2012. Efficacy of Concentrated Algal Paste During Cobia Larviculture. Panorama acuicola – The Future of Aquafeeds. May – June, Vol. 17, No.4: 22-30.
  30. Trushenski, J.T., A. Rombenso, M. Schwarz, J. Bowzer, B. Gause, B. Delbos, and L.A. Sampaio.  Feeding rate and frequency affect growth of juvenile Atlantic spadefish Chaetodipterus faber. 2012.  North American Journal of Aquaculture, 74(1), 107-112.   
  31. Trushenski, J., M. Schwarz, A. Bergman, A. Rombenso, and B. Delbos.  2012.  DHA is essential, EPA appears largely expendable, in meeting the n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid requirements of juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadumAquaculture. 326–329:81–89.
  32. Schwarz, M.H. (2012). United States Aquaculture Society President’s column. World Aquaculture Magazine. Vol. 43, No. 1. March.
  33. Rodrigues, R.V., M.H. Schwarz, B.C. Delbos, E.L. Carvalho, L.A. Romano, and L.A. Sampaio. (2011). Acute Exposure of Juvenile Cobia Rachycentron canadum to nitrate induces gill, esophageal and Brain Damage. Aquaculture. 322-323: 223-226.     
  34. Rombenso, A., M.H. Schwarz, and L.A. Sampaio. 2011. The 1st closed-cycle, natural cobia maturation in near-shore cages, natural spawning in indoor tanks, and subsequent growout in cages to Market-size in Brasil. Hatchery International 12(5):20-21.  
  35. Schwarz, M.H., L. Sampaio, and J. Trushenski.  2011.  Industry Update: New International Collaboration Accelerating Advancement of Fishmeal and Fish oil Replacement in Aquaculture Feeds.  Global Aquaculture Advocate. Volume 14 (2):84.
  36. Schwarz, M.H. 2011. USAS Chapter Presidents Report. World Aquaculture Magazine. 42(2).
  37. Schwarz, M.H. 2011. USAS Chapter Presidents Report. World Aquaculture Magazine. 42(4).
  38. Schwarz, M.H, and B.C. Delbos. 2011. International Coalition Breaks Cobia Fingerling Production Bottleneck. Global Aquaculture Advocate 14(3): 74-75.
  39. Schwarz, M.H., L.A. Sampaio, R. Cavalli, and R. Martino. 2011. Cobia gets boost in Brazil. Hatchery International. January/February, page 14.
  40. Trushenski, J.T., M. Schwarz, J. Laporte, H. Lewis, B. Delbos, R. Takeuchi, and L.A. Sampaio.  2011.  Fish meal replacement with soy-derived protein in feeds for juvenile cobia:  influence of replacement level and attractant supplementation.  Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 42:435-443. 
  41. Trushenski, J.T., M. Schwarz, H. Lewis, J. Laporte, B. Delbos, R. Takeuchi, and L.A. Sampaio.  2010.  Effect of replacing dietary fish oil with soybean oil on production performance and fillet lipid and fatty acid composition of juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum.  Aquaculture Nutrition 17:437–447.
  42. Salze, G., E. McLean, P.R. Battle, M.H. Schwarz, and S.R. Craig. 2010. Use of soy protein concentrate and novel ingredients in the total elimination of fishmeal and fish oil in diets for juvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum. Aquaculture. Volume 298, Issues 3-4, 7 January, Pages 294-299
  43.  
  44. Schwarz, M.H., and J.D. Gibson. (2010). A Needs Assessment of Aquaculture Extension Agents, Specialists, and Program Administrators in Extension Programming. Journal of Extension [on-line], Article (08248FEA). Available at: http://www.joe.org
  45.  
  46. Villalba, A., E. Sarjahani, E. Sarano, M.H. Schwarz, and M.L. Jahncke. 2010. Pescados y Mariscos en Virginia - Inocuos y Nutritivos. Virginia Cooperative Extension. Available at: http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/348S/348-961S/348-961S.html
  47.  
  48. Trushenski, J., M. Schwarz, R. Takeuchi, B. Delbos, and L. A. Sampaio. 2010. Physiological responses of cobia Rachycentron canadum following exposure to low water and air exposure stress challenges. Aquaculture 307: 173-177,
  49.  
  50. Trushenski, J., M.H. Schwarz, H. Lewis, J. Laporte, B. Delbos, R. Takeuchi, and L.A. Sampaio. (2010). Effect of Replacing Dietary Fish Oil with Soybean Oil on Production Performance and Fillet Lipid and Fatty Acid Composition of Juvenile Cobia Rachycentron canadum. Aquaculture Nutrition, no. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2010.00779.x
  51. Schwarz, M.H., J. Trushenski, A. Lazur, D. McIntosh, and C. Bentley. 2010. Sea Spot Run. Hatchery International. Volume 11, 5, pages 1, 6-7.
  52. Trushenski, J., M. Schwarz, H. Lewis, J. Laporte, B. Delbos, R. Takeuchi, L. Sampaio. 2010. Soybean oil Spares Fish Oil, Increases Sustainability of Cobia Feeds. Global Aquaculture Advocate. Volume 13, Issue 4, pages 47-48.
  53. Schwarz, M.H., M.L. Jahncke, and A.M. Lazur. 2010. Overview of Good Aquaculture Practices. Joint VCE and VASG publication. Available at: http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/600/600-054/600-054.html
  54. Schwarz, M.H., and N. Mace. (2009). Broodstock and early rearing a focus of La Reunion workshop. Hatchery International. Nov/Dec. Pg 43.
  55. Schwarz, M.H., and N. Svennevig. 2009. Larval Production Protocols in Asia and the Americas. Global Aquaculture Advocate. March/April.   
  56. Schwarz, M.H., and N. Svennevig. 2009. Cobia Culture: Global Production, Markets, and Challenges. Global Aquaculture Advocate. January/February, 28 – 30.
  57. Delbos, B., and M.H. Schwarz. 2009. Artemia culture as a live feed item for intensive finfish and crustacean larviculture. VCE publication 600-106.  
  58. McLean, E., Salze, G., Schwarz, M.H., and Craig, S.R. 2009. Cobia cultivation. In: Burnell, G. and Allen, G. (eds), New Technologies in Aquaculture: Improving production efficiency, quality and environmental management, Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK.
  59. Schwarz, M.H., E. McLean, S.R. Craig, and L.A. Sampaio. 2008. Assimilation of RAS and Net Pen Operations to Enhance Global Cobia Production. 2008  In proceedings of Aquaculture Engineering Society Issues Forum, July 23 – 24, Roanoke, Virginia. Pp. 1 – 7. 
  60. Schwarz, M.H., and J. Kaiser. (2008). Egg Supply a Limiting Factor for Cobia Expansion. Hatchery International. 9 (6).
  61. Jahncke, M. L. and  M. H. Schwarz.  2008.  HACCP and other programs to ensure safe products and for sustainable fish farming. Chapter 21. Pages 517-546.  In: Improving Farmed Fish Quality and Safety. (Oyvind Lie, Editor).  Woodhead Publishing in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition. Cambridge, England. ISBN 978-1-84569-019-9.
  62. Schwarz, M.H., S.R. Craig, B. Delbos, and E. McLean. (2008). Efficacy of concentrated algal pastes for greenwater stage of cobia larviculture. Journal of Applied Aquaculture. 20(4).
  63. Salze, G. E. McLean, M.H. Schwarz, and S.R. Craig. 2008. Dietary mannan oligosaccharides enhance stress resistance and gut development of larval cobia. Aquaculture. 274 148-152.
  64. Villalba, A., E. Serrano, A. Sarjahani, M. H. Schwarz, and M. Jahncke. 2008. Safe and Nutritious Seafood in Virginia. Virginia Cooperative Extension. Publication # 348-961.
  65. Delbos, B., and M.H. Schwarz. (2008). Rotifer Production (as a First Feed Item) for Intensive Finfish Culture.
  66. VCE publication # 600-105. Virginia Sea Grant # 08-09.
  67. Schwarz, M.H. 2007. HACCP Applications in Shrimp Hatchery Operations. Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (JIFSAN); Good Aquaculture Practices (GAqPS) Manual. Copyright University of Maryland.
  68. Schwarz, M.H. 2007. Hatchery Infrastructure and Operations. Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (JIFSAN); Good Aquaculture Practices (GAqPS) Manual. Copyright University of Maryland.
  69. Schwarz, M.H. 2007. Effective Training. Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (JIFSAN); Good Aquaculture Practices (GAqPS) Manual. Copyright University of Maryland.
  70. Schwarz, M.H., L. Sampaio, S. R. Craig, B. Delbos, and E. McLean. 2007. Research-Industry Links Assist cobia Farming Production. Global Aquaculture Advocate. 10(4) 58-60. http://pdf.gaalliance.org/pdf/schwarz-july07.pdf
  71. Delbos, B.C., D. Russell, M.H. Schwarz, S.R. Craig, and E. Mclean.  2007. Low salinity fish production technology can cut costs, aid biosecurity. Global Aquaculture Advocate.  10(4) 49-50. http://pdf.gaalliance.org/pdf/delbos-july07.pdf
  72. Rodrigues, R.V., M.H. Schwarz, B.C. Delbos, and L.A. Sampaio. 2007. Toxicity and sublethal effects of ammonia and nitrite for juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum. Aquaculture. Vol. 271 553-557.
  73. Holt, J.G., C. Faulk, and M.H. Schwarz. (2007). Larviculture of the Warm Water Marine Species Cobia (Rachycentron canadum). Aquaculture, Vol 268 (1-4): 181-187.
  74. Schwarz, M.H., E. McLean, and S.R. Craig. (2007). Cobia Aquaculture: Research, Developments and Commercial Production. Book chapter: Research experience with cobia: larval rearing, juvenile nutrition and general physiology. Pp 1 – 17. (I.C. Liau and E.M. Leano, ed). Co-Published by: Asian Fisheries Society; The Fisheries Society of Taiwan; World Aquaculture Society; and National Taiwan Ocean University.
  75. Schwarz, M.H., J. Kaiser, D. Russell, E. McLean, and S.R. Craig. (2007). Breaking the cobia bottleneck. Hatchery International, 8, 16-17.
  76. Schwarz, M.H., D. Mowry, E. McLean, and S.R. Craig. (2007). Performance of advanced juvenile cobia reared under different thermal regimes. Journal of Applied Aquaculture. Volume 19(4).
  77. Schwarz, M.H., B. Delbos, E. McLean, and S.R. Craig. (2007). Intensive marine finfish larviculture. Virginia Cooperative Extension – 600-050, June; Virginia Sea Grant. - VSG-07-10.
  78. Craig, S.R., M.H. Schwarz, and E. McLean. (2006). Juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum) can utilize a wide range of protein and lipid levels without impacts on production characteristics. Aquaculture. Volume 261(1): 384-391.
  79. Schwarz, M.H., E. McLean, S.R. Craig, and Y.M. Silva. (2006). Study on Cobia Research. Panorama Acuicola. Sept/Oct.
  80. King, N, M.H. Schwarz, and Brendan Delbos. (2006). Hatchery trials a success. Fish Farming International. January, 2006.
  81. E. McLean, S.R. Craig, and M.H. Schwarz. 2006. Virginia Tech Presenters Feature Prominently at AQUA 2006. CFAST. Summer issue.
  82. Schwarz, M.H., E. McLean, and S. Craig. (2006) Cobia Update -- Fast-Growing Species First Focus of International Aquaculture Initiative. Global Aquaculture Advocate. 9(2): 50-52. ISSN: 1018-3166 http://pdf.gaalliance.org/pdf/gaa-schwarz-apr06.pdf
  83. Schwarz, M.H., and J.D. Gibson. (2006). A Needs Assessment of Aquaculture Extension Agents, Specialists, and Program Administrators in Extension Programming. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual AIAEE ConferenceInternational Teamwork in Agricultural and Extension Education”. Vol 22; pp 617 – 626.
  84. Schwarz, Michael. (2005). Dissertation: A Needs Assessment of Aquaculture Extension Agents, Specialists, and Program Administrators in Extension Programming. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University: Department of Career and Technical Education.
  85. Mowry, D.E., M.H. Schwarz, K.H. Hartman, M.L. Jahncke and S.A. Smith (2005). Efficacy of hydrogen peroxide in marine recirculating aquaculture systems holding summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus).          Journal of Applied Aquaculture 17:65-75
  86. Gonzales, S., S. R. Craig, E. McLean, M. H. Schwarz, G. J. Flick. (2005). Dietary protein Requirement for Southern Flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma. Journal of Applied Aquaculture. 17(3): 37-50.
  87. Schwarz, M.H. (2005). New initiative to develop cobia. Fish Farming International. July, 2005.
  88. Craig, S.R., M.H. Schwarz, E. McLean (2005).  Nutrition Research with Cobia.  Global Aquaculture Advocate 8(1): 76-78. ISSN: 1018-3166
  89. King, N. M.H. Schwarz. (2005). INVE Solutions in Cobia Rearing. Panorama da Aquicultura Magazine. December, 2005.
  90. Schwarz, M.H. (2004).  Fingerling Production Still Bottleneck for Cobia Culture. Global Aquaculture Advocate 7(1):40-41.
  91. King, N., M.H. Schwarz, D. Mowry, J. Zimmerman. (2004).  Intensive Work on Cobia Larvae.  Fish Farming International. October, 2004. 
  92. Mowry, D.E., M.H. Schwarz, S. Craig, J. Holt, J. Kaiser, O. Stevens, B. O’Hanlon. (2004) The Cobia Connection: Research Institutions and Private Sector Continue Collaboration to Develop Culture Protocols.  Hatchery International. 5(6): 12-15.
  93. Gaylord, T. G., M.H. Schwarz, G.M. Davitt, R.W. Cool, M.L. Jahncke and S.R. Craig. 2003. Thermal optima for the culture of juvenile summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus). Journal of Applied Aquaculture. 14 (3-4).
  94. Gaylord, T. G., M.H. Schwarz, G.M. Davitt, R.W. Cool, M.L. Jahncke and S.R. Craig. 2003. Dietary Lipid Utilization by Juvenile Summer Flounder (Paralichthys dentatus).  Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 34(2): 229-235.
  95. Flatfish Culture II.  2003.  (Michael H. Schwarz, Guest Editor).  Journal of Applied Aquaculture (Volume 14, No.3/4).  Hayworth Press, Inc. 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, New York 13904-1580 USA.
  96. Schwarz, M.H. 2003a. Marine Finfish Larviculture.  Aquaculture Magazine.  29(6): 14-19.
  97. Schwarz, M.H. 2003b. Flatfish Research & Production in USA – Status & Perspectives. Global Aquaculture Advocate 6(1):73-74.
  98. Schwarz, M.H.  2003c. A side-looped recirculation system for marine fish larval production.  Hatchery International. Vol 4-1, Pg. 27 - 29.
  99. Cool, R.W., D.E. Mowry, M.H. Schwarz, M.L. Jahncke and D.E. Kauffman. 2003. Status of Aquaculture at the VSAREC. Virginia Aquaculture Association Newsletter. June, 2003.
  100. Jahncke, M.L., M.H. Schwarz, C.L. Browdy, A. Segars, A.D. Stockes, J.L. Silva, and D.S. Smith. 2002. HACCP - Risk Management Tool Controls Viral Pathogens at Shrimp Facilities. Global Aquaculture Advocate. Vol. 5, Issue 5, Pg. 72-74.
  101. Jahncke, M.L., C.L. Browdy, M.H. Schwarz, A. Segars, J.L. Silva, D.C. Smith, and A.D. Stokes.  2002. Application of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) Principles as a Risk Management Tool to Control Viral Pathogens at Shrimp Aquaculture Facilities. Virginia Sea Grant Publication VSG-02-10.
  102. Jahncke, M.L. and M. H. Schwarz.  2002.  Public, animal, and environmental aquaculture health issues in industrialized countries.  Chapter 3. In Public, Animal and Environmental Aquaculture Health Issues.  (Jahncke, M.L., E.S. Garrett, A. Reilly, and R.E. Martin, Eds.).  John Wiley & Sons, Inc.  605 Third Avenue.  New York, NY 10158-0012. (Pg 67-102).
  103. Steven A. Smith, and Michael H. Schwarz and. 2002.  AQUACULTURE FACTSHEET #6,  “Dealing with Trichodina and trichodina-like species.” VCE publication # 600-205.
  104. Advances in flounder, Paralichthys spp., culture.  2001.  (Michael H. Schwarz, Guest Editor).  Journal of Applied Aquaculture (Volume 11, No.1/2).  Hayworth Press, Inc. 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, New York 13904-1580 USA.
  105. Jahncke, M.L., C.L. Browdy, M.H. Schwarz, A. Segars, J.L. Silva, D. Smith, and A. Stokes.  2001.  Preliminary application of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) Principles as a Risk Management Tool to Control Exotic Viruses at Shrimp Production and Processing Facilities.  In The New Wave, Proceedings of the Special Session on Sustainable Shrimp Culture, Aquaculture 2001.  (Craig L. Browdy and Darryl E. Jory Eds.).  The World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, LA USA.
  106. Jahncke, M.L., C.L. Browdy, M.H. Schwarz, A. Segars, J.L. Silva, D. Smith, and A. Stokes.  2001.  Use of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) Principles as a Risk Management Tool to Control Exotic Viruses at Shrimp Production and Processing Facilities. World Aquaculture Society, Aquaculture America 2001. Book of Abstracts.  Orlando, FL.  Jan 21-25.
  107. Schwarz, M.H., M.L. Jahncke, and Ryan Cool.  2000. A New Air Driven Marine Recirculating System for Summer Flounder.  Hatchery Magazine. Vol. 1, No 1, Pg. 26-27.
  108. Michael H. Schwarz and Steven A. Smith. 1998.  AQUACULTURE FACTSHEET #1,  “Getting Acquainted with Amyloodinium ocellatum.” VCE publication # 600-200
  109. Jahncke, M.L., and M.H. Schwarz. 1998.   Employee, Animal, and Public Health Issues Associated with Recirculating Aquaculture Systems. Proceedings of the First NSF International Conference on Food Safety. Albuquerque, NM.  Nov. 16-18. Pp. 207-213. 
Michael Schwarz
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